The Lilac Fire

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With all these posts about the Book of the Revelation, the end times, Satan, the Antichrist…look at this picture taken yesterday just north of Los Angeles.

Then this morning I’m driving down the highway and I see smoke over the hills.  Apparently a brush fire broke out , the Lilac Fire, in the Bonsall area, roughly a half hour drive from here. Currently it is: 2,000 acres and 0% contained.

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Sign of the Times

In our discussion group Tuesday evening we talked about the Book of Revelation.  It was almost, ahem…. prophetic, as news broke the next day that Trump recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.  Is this a step towards peace or are we moving closer to a war of all wars?

Blessed Augustine was of the opinion that those watching for the signs of the times would be taken in just as easily as those who weren’t. Moreover, St. Seraphim of Sarov taught: “Adam was made so wise by the breath of life which was breathed into his face from the creative lips of God, the Creator and Ruler of all, that there never has been a man on earth wiser or more intelligent than he, and it is hardy like that there ever will be.” If Adam was the wisest man his helpmate was not at all stupid. Yet, we all know how easily they got tricked.

The Book of Revelation is not intended to be used as a road map to the end of the world. As someone noted a few nights ago, chapter 10:4 is of great significance: “And when the seven thunders had uttered their voices, I was about to write: and I heard a voice from heaven saying to me, Seal up those things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them not.” The Orthodox Study Bible comments that “this command not to write down the utterance shows John’s revelation does not exhaust divine decrees for humanity: undisclosed mysteries remain”.

When the Apostles asked the Lord when He would restore the kingdom of Israel He replied by telling them it’s none of their concern (Acts 1:7). Then, right afterward, He ascended into heaven.  And the Apostles just stood there, gazing up into the heavens. Two men in white clothing appeared and said: “Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into the sky? This Jesus, who has been taken up from you into heaven, will come in just the same way as you have watched Him go into heaven.”

I think those angelic men in white are asking us the same question: Why are you guys looking into the sky? There is a difference between what we know, what has been written down and what we don’t know and, moreover, was commanded not to be written down. And that is that “He shall come again to judge the living and the dead”. This we know and confess and await.

As far as Jerusalem goes our eyes need not be fixated on the Middle East but “the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband (Rev. 21:2).”

Priest or Presbyter

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Listening to a talk given by Fr. Thomas Hopko of blessed repose a few days ago he mentioned how in the Orthodox Church the clergy are called presbyters which translated means elders, and not priests. The use of the word priest comes later. I think he mentioned the 4th century but not sure. Anyway, here is an interesting article on the topic from Just Genesis (here)

Is a Presbyter a Priest?

Alice C. Linsley

Before reading this article, I recommend that this article be read first: What is a Priest?

In the New Testament the word “presbyter” is used to designate the one who presided when the body gathered for worship.  This probably didn’t mean a priest, as only men born in the priestly lines would be considered priests and among these only some would have been sacrificing priests.  So the terms “presbyter” and “priest” do not represent the same concept.

Some of the Apostles were likely born of the priestly lines, but that hardly matters since the Church’s High Priest is Jesus and he was born of the priestly lines on his mother’s side and Joseph’s side.  Mary and Joseph were of priestly lines and cousins. Mary’s father was the shepherd priest Joachim, and Joseph was of the priestly line of Mattai.

Ken Collins writes: “In the New Testament, the Temple has hierarchs and the church has presbyters. Most translate hierarch as priest, which is really incorrect, because priest is just an English contraction of the word presbyter. But if the translators put down priest for presbyter, it looks like they are discrediting churches that do not call their clergy priests. But if they put down presbyter, which is the untranslated Greek word, or elder, which is the word’s meaning, they discredit the churches that are so old that the word presbyter turned into priest as the language of their members changed.”

When did this morphing happen in history? Where do we find this expressed in Scripture? Clearly, there was a disjunction when the temple was destroyed by the Romans in 70 A.D. thus bringing the sacrificial system to an end. However St. Paul and St. John clearly believe that there is an eternal priesthood (in the Platonic sense) that nothing can destroy. They see it as a fixed ordinance in the Kingdom of God, derived from the one True Priest, Jesus Christ. In other words, the priesthood lives in Jesus Christ, the Sacrifice once offered who is to be the focus of every gathering.

HE is the continuation of the only priesthood that the Apostles knew, a priesthood that maintained itself through a particular kinship pattern among Abraham’ s Horite caste. Jesus Christ, the Son of God, was born of Abraham’s ruler-priest bloodline.

Collins is right that many churches don’t have priests. These are churches removed from the Holy Tradition concerning the Christ received by the Apostles. Most are products of the Reformation and the many subsequent divisions that characterize churches that don’t hold to the sacramental center of the faith symbolized by the priesthood.

Now to Collins’ most provocative suggestion: that the oldest churches somehow morphed the word “presbyter” into “priest” over time. This is simply not the case.  Presbyter refers to elders, not priests.  There is no need to substitute priest for presbyter.  The early church had gatherings which were not presided over by priests.  No surprise there.  Many of the priests were hostile to Christians.  Yet some of those ruler-priests, men such as Nicodemus, came to believe and through them the Church recieved its priests after the order of Melchizedek, the prefigurement of Jesus Christ.

The true meaning of priest is defined by the Son of God whose Blood was shed for the life of the World. This Jesus was born to a long line of ruler-priests who are identified with the “order of Melchizedek” as an eternal priesthood. Presbyter means elder and not all elders are priests. But this is no reason to insist that the ancient churches which have priests have got it all wrong.

Related reading: The Priesthood in England (Conclusion); Who Were the Horites?; What is a Priest?; Growing Consensus that WO Must Be Addressed

True Christian education

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“….Our children are taught about faith, but true Christian education means to come to the church services, to take communion and commune with God whom we believe in. Today’s feast teaches us that the meaning of man’s life is to become holy, which means to live a honorable life. This is the spirit in which we are to bring our children up in, that together with them we might freely live in Christ, life of respectful, virtuous and dignified people.

On this day we remember the event from the life of the Most Holy Theotokos, a day when her parents, Joachim and Anna, brought their three year old daughter to the temple in Jerusalem that they might dedicate her to the Lord. She was made worthy of such glory to become the mother of the Savior of the world, the eternal intercessor of our Salvation and protectress of us all. That we might be made worthy of her protection the most important thing is for all of us is to live with love of God and neighbor. Those around us are our brothers and sisters in Christ and we should always do good do them, regardless of what people or religion they belong to.  Those who are not baptized or have fallen from the Church we must in no way hate, but we are called to call them to God through our love. In this way we show our love for our neighbor, and love for God we show by going to church services. It is not enough to go to church two, three times a year, but it must be a place where we gather every Sunday and feast day. ….

Bishop Fotije on the feast of the Entry of the Most Holy Theotokos

Fear not!

vespersTranscribed from Fr. Hopko’s, A Walk Through Apocalypse (here). Just a snippet as he goes through the Book of Revelation:

“And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead…..” (Rev. 1:17)  And if you go to church and don’t fall on your face as if you were dead, you ain’t been to church yet. God is not a smiley face on a bumper sticker. You approach God with fear. Fear! Not awe, but fear… ‘Yeah, but Fr. Tom’, people say, ‘it says ‘Fear not’ in the Bible,..the most repeated commandment of God is don’t be afraid’. That’s true, except that God can’t say “Fear not” to someone who’s not afraid. You gotta first be afraid and then God can say, Fear not….